20 minute segment of shiur one, for day 4, Oct 1 2014
General providence of the detail for the sake of the whole
in light of the above, we now understand that the concept of hashkacha klalis can see how it is superficially understood that Hashem supervises and attends in a general way, while the details of the perpetuation of the creatures happen on their own, at least not directly by Hashem. Rather hashkacha klalis means that Hashem supervises the klal meaning Hashem certainly supervises and sustains each individual creature and provides it with its needs, but the deliberation of the individual member and the concern for each one is only to maintain the group. Hashgacha pratis, specific providence is for an individual and for the group, however the expression hashgacha pratis, specific providence is not used, general providence is used, instead he uses parallel terms used by the earlier chochomim, for example the Sforno on chumash vayikra, parshas vazriya, each individual providence, and group providence, this is what he meant when he wrote and He supervises all the indivdual members of each of His species with regard to its effect on the rest of its kind, this is hashgacha minus, but not as individual with the same meaning that an individual is not going by individual providence. Providence of man can override this rule. the fundamental idea that a udgment or supervisoin of the details over the other species, the living creatures, focus on the need of the group in general and not on individual members. Only in times when there is no connection between this member and this specific human being, but when this member belongs to a specific person or affects a person directly then the individual creature is judged and treated in how it affects that person and this individual member stems from the specific providence of that person. for example, as we have explained, Hashem does not judge an individual cow to determine if it deserves to live or die based on its needs since it does not have these. rather, the judgment is on the class of cattle, how many animals are needed in total, Hashem grants to each member of the class accordingly and if a certain cow is in excess of the amount needed it can die. however if this cow belongs to a certain person and there is hashkacha pratis then the judgment is over the owner of this cow because even if it would be unnecessary for its class, still if it were to die, the human being to whom it would belong would be affected, in this case it would be judged within the providence of its owner, whether this person deserves this small space on his deeds or not, it is therefore that although for hte purpose of sustaining its class it was not needed, however since the person who owns it deserves to have a strong healthy cow in this case Hashem sustains it with blessing.
in any case even when a cow belongs to a certain human, there is no individual providence either because of its personality, for it is not judged on its own merits to survive, rather the judgment is does this person deserve that his cow grow and develop, so either way there is no deliberation with the deeds of this cow, the only difference is whether the providence is in accordance with the needs of its class or in accord with the deeds of its owner.
the summary of hashkacha of an inanimate vegetative and living creatures:
1. Hashem knows and supervises every individual member of every class that was created. He is the One who gives it life and sustains each one and provides for all of its needs. Even for those creatures who are managed by general providence.
2. General providence, hashkacha klalis is also called group provience, hashgacha minus.
3. specific providence is also called individual providence
4. hashgacha minus, group providence, means Hashem judges and supervises and sustains the type of group as a whole
5. the determination is made on the needs of the group, which is to help man serve Hashem and reveal His Glory
6. Hashem judges and sustains each individual member of the class in accordance of the needs of the class
7. when a particular animal that belongs to a human, the liberation over its existence is also influenced by the specific providence governed by its owner even if it is not needed by its class.
8. in any case they should never judge a specific creature otehr than man based on its deeds because it has no deeds.
9 when there is a surplus of individual creatures, the extra ones that are not needed by man will die.